city

Welcome to SustainCity

The goal of this project was to address the modelling and computational issues of integrating modern mobility simulations with the latest micro-simulation land use models. The project intended to advance the state-of-the-art in the field of the microsimulation of prospective integrated models of Land-Use and Transport (LUTI). On the modelling side, the main challenges were to integrate a demographic evolution module, to add an environmental module, to improve the overall consistency and, last but not least, to deal with the multi-scale aspects of the problem: several time horizons and spatial resolutions were involved.

SustainCity Policy Briefs

Integrated Transport and Land Use Modeling for Sustainable Cities

About Us

Organisation of the project

While the administrative coordination of the project is allocated to ETHZ under the supervision of Prof. K.W. Axhausen, the scientific co-ordination of the project is shared with the ENSC, André de Palma acting as a scientific co-ordinator besides the general co-ordinator. This sharing of competence has several advantages: on the first hand it leaves the management of the project to a professional team with the adequate experience to manage large scale international research projects, and on the other hand, it ensures that the scientific decisions of the project will be taken in close cooperation.

The following institutions are partners of the project:
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland (ETHZ)
Prof. Kay W. Axhausen (Co-ordinator)

Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, Département France (ENSC)
Prof. André de Palma (scientific co-ordinator)

Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, France (INED)
Prof. Elizabeth Morand

Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium (UCL)
Prof. Isabelle Thomas, Prof. Jaques F. Thisse, Prof. Dominique Peeters

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium (KUL)
Prof. Stef Proost

STRATEC SA, Belgium (STR)
Sylvie Gayda

National Technical University of Athens, Greece (NTUA)
Prof. Constantinos Antoniou

Technical University Berlin, Germany (TUB)
Prof. Kai Nagel

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland (EPFL)
Prof. Michel Bierlaire

Bocconi University, Italy (BU)
Prof. Francesco Billari, Rodolfo Baggio

Université de Cergy Pontoise, France (UCP)
Nathalie Picard

University of California, Berkeley USA (UCB)
Prof. Paul Waddell

Research

Increasing concerns about sustainable development and the growth of urban areas have brought forth in recent years a renewed enthusiasm and need for the use of quantitative models in the field of transportation and spatial planning. This project will improve urban simulation models and their interaction with transport models. Unified operational models that favour a microscopic approach, such as UrbanSim and ILUTE (Integrated Land Use, Transportation, and Environment Modelling System) have recently gained a lot of interest both in the land use and transport communities. Nevertheless, in their current forms these models still require further development to support a comprehensive analysis of the main environmental and socio-economic questions of the sustainability of urban growth and the relevant public policies.

The goal of this project is to address the modeling and computational issues of integrating modern mobility simulations with the latest micro-simulation land use models. The project will advance the state-of-the-art in the field of the microsimulation of prospective integrated models of Land-Use and Transport (LUTI). On the modelling side, the main challenges are to integrate a demographic evolution module, to add an environmental module, to improve the overall consistency and, last but not least, to deal with the multi-scale aspects of the problem: several time horizons and spatial resolutions are involved.

Theoretical models (such as the monocentric textbook model) have proven useful in stating normative results, but remain of limited usefulness, when it comes to empirical applications that include any degree of disaggregation. However, they are useful benchmarks. Simulation tools are more suitable for dealing with realistic policy analysis. Integrated urban modelling is still a complex task and developing a complete and reliable tool remains out of reach of many professional organizations. The Open Platform for Urban Simulation (OPUS), is an Open Source modelling platform for a suite of behavioural-based models addressing (housing location decisions, employment decisions, and urban form). UrbanSim is an integrated model system implemented within the OPUS Platform.

UrbanSim has proved to be a very powerful and efficient tool in the context of American cities (Waddell et al, 2007, Waddell and Borning, 2004). However, various recent projects conducted in Europe (see below) point to the need to adapt the available modelling platform, to develop new tools consistent with the historical, political and social characteristics of European cities and with specific lifestyles and preferences. High-level academic research in transportation, planning, economics and in econometric modelling and in other fields such as geography, new economic geography, computer science and operations research happen to be particularly relevant for analysing urban development and building integrated land use and transportation models. These developments will aim at:

Improving the integrated urban model specification, estimation and validation (and therefore the accuracy of predictions),

Publications

Work package 2
State of the art
W2.1a
Morand, E., L. Toulemon, S. Pennec, R. Baggio, and F. Billari (2010) Demographic modelling: the state of the art, SustainCity Working Paper, 2.1a, Ined, Paris. Download
(PDF 0.7MB)

W2.1b
Flötteröd, G. and K. Nagel (2010) Behavioral dimensions in transport microsimulations, SustainCity Working Paper, 2.1b, EPFL & TUB, Lausanne & Berlin.
W2.2a
Coulombel, N., (2010) Residential choice and household behavior: State of the Art, SustainCity Working Paper, 2.2a, ENS Cachan. Download
(PDF 0.6MB)

W2.2b
Proost S. (2010) The Role of Stakeholders, SustainCity Working Paper, 2.2b, CES-KULeuven, Belgium. Download
(PDF 0.5MB)

W2.3
Bodenmann, B.R. and K.W. Axhausen (2010) Synthesis report on the state of the art on firmographics, SustainCity Working Paper, 2.3, Institute for Transport Planning and Systems (IVT), ETH Zurich. Download
(PDF 0.9MB)

W2.4
Picard, N., C. Antoniou and A. de Palma (2010) Econometric Models, SustainCity Working Paper, 2.4, THEMA, Université de Cergy-Pontoise. Download
(PDF 0.9MB)

W2.6
Pholo Bala, A. (2010) Descriptive and Geographical Data for European Cities, SustainCity Working Paper, 2.6, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium. Download
(PDF 4.5MB)

W2.7
Hurtubia, R., O. Gallay and M. Bierlaire (2010) Attributes of Households, Locations and Real Estate Markets for Land Use Modeling, SustainCity Working Paper, 2.7, EPFL, Lausanne. Download
(PDF 0.3MB)

Work package 3
Theoretical developments
D3.1 de Palma, A. (2012) Comprehensive Theoretical Models, SustainCity Deliverable, 3.1, ENS-Cachan. Download
(PDF 0.1MB)

W3.1
de Palma, A. and J.-L. Prigent (2012) Optimal housing consumption and portfolio choice with exogenous random shocks, SustainCity Working Paper, 3.1, ENS-Cachan, France. Download
(PDF 0.6MB)

W3.2
Lapparent, M. de, A. de Palma and N. Picard (2012) Household location, dwelling and tenure types in a dynamic context, SustainCity Deliverable, 3.2, ENS Cachan, Cachan. Download
(PDF 0.5MB)

W3.3
Chiappori, P-A., A. de Palma and N. Picard (2012) Couple Residential Location and Spouses Workplaces, SustainCity Working Paper, 3.3, Columbia University, ENS Cachan and THEMA-UCP. Download
(PDF 0.5MB)
W3.4
de Palma, A., S. Proost and S. van der Loo (2012) A small model for equilibrium mechanisms in an agglomeration, SustainCity Working Paper, 3.4, ENS-Cachan, France. Download
(PDF 0.5MB)
W3.5
Maurin, C., A. de Palma and N. Picard (2012) Regime Switching Models: An application to the Real Estate Market in Ile de France, SustainCity Working Paper, 3.5, ENS Cachan and THEMA-UCP. Download
(PDF 0.9MB)

W3.6
Zöllig, C. and Kay W. Axhausen (2012) Uncovering the heterogeneity of real estate developers in the canton Zurich, SustainCity Working Paper, 3.6, Institute of Transport Planning and Systems (IVT), ETH Zurich, Zurich. Download
(PDF 0.8MB)

W3.7
Buczkowska, S., A. de Palma, K. Motamedi and N. Picard (2012) Firmographics: Guideline for implementation in UrbanSim and for estimation, SustainCity Working Paper, 3.7, ENS Cachan. Download
(PDF 2.8MB)

Work package 4
Demographic Model
W4.1
Turci, L., A. Bringé, E. Morand, S. Pennec, L. Toulemon, R. Baggio and F. Billari (2010) Provisional demographic outline, SustainCity Working Paper, 4.1, INED, Paris. Download
(PDF 0.4MB)

W4.2
Turci L., A. Bringé, S. Pennec, L. Toulemon, E. Morand and R. Baggio (2012) Demographic Model User Guide, SustainCity Working Paper, 4.2, INED, Paris.
Download
(PDF 1.4MB)

Work package 5
Econometric and other empirical issues
D5.1
Picard, N. and C. Antoniou (2011) Econometric guidance, SustainCity Deliverable, 5.1, THEMA. Download
(PDF 6.9MB)
D5.2
Picard, N. (2013) Policy brief: New behavioural insights; Estimation results for selected case studies, SustainCity Deliverable, 5.2, UCP, Paris.
Download
(PDF 3.0MB)

Work package 6
Software
D6.1
Gayda S. and I. Cabrita. (2013) Policy brief: Using land use models for sustainable policy making, SustainCity Deliverable, 6.1, STRATEC SA, Brussels.
Download
(PDF 1.8MB)

W6.1
Nicolai, T.W. and K. Nagel (2010) Coupling MATSim and UrbanSim: Software design issues, SustainCity Working Paper, 6.1, TU Berlin.
Download
(PDF 1.0MB)
W6.2
Nicolai, T.W. and K. Nagel (2011) Investigating accessibility indicators for feedback from a travel to a land use model, SustainCity Working Paper, 6.2, TU Berlin. Download
(PDF 5.0MB)
W6.3
Nicolai, T.W., L. Wang, K. Nagel and P. Waddell (2011) Coupling an urban simulation model with a travel model – A first sensitivity test, Working Paper, 6.3, TU Berlin. Download
(PDF 1.7MB)
W6.4
Nicolai T.W. (2013) Investigating the MATSim warm and hot start capability, SustainCity Working Paper, 6.4, TU Berlin.
Download
(PDF 0.8MB)

W6.5
de Palma, A. and M. Saifuzzaman (2013) Report on travel behaviour modelling for Ile-de-France case study, SustainCity Working Paper, 6.5, CES, ENSC, Cachan, France.
Download
(PDF 2.0MB)

Work package 7
Case studies
D7.1 Pholo Bala, A., D. Peeters and I. Thomas (2011) Spatial Issues on a Hedonic Estimation of Rents in Brussels, SustainCity Deliverable, 7.1, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium. Download
(PDF 0.9MB)

D7.3
Zöllig, C. and K.W. Axhausen (2013) Policy brief: Case studies in the three cities, SustainCity Deliverable, 7.3, ETH, Zurich.
Download
(PDF 0.3MB)

WP7.2
de Palma, A., K. Motamedi and M. Saifuzzaman (2012) Calibration of METROPOLIS for Ile-de-France, SustainCity Working Paper, 7.2, CES, ENSC, Cachan, France.
Download
(PDF 1.6MB)

Work package 8
Policy insights and insights for sustainability
D8.1 Proost S. and S. van der Loo (2013) Policy insights and insights for sustainability, SustainCity Deliverable, 8.1, KULeuven.
Download
(PDF 0.8MB)

Work package 9
Dissemination and valorisation
D9.1
Bierlaire M., A. de Palma and P. Waddell (ed.) (2015) Integrated transport and land use modelling for sustainable cities, Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes – EPFL Press, Lausanne.
Download
(from publisher)

Additional papers
Conferences

Bodenmann, B.R. (2011) Modelling firm (re)location choice in UrbanSim, paper presented at 51th ERSA Conference, Barcelona, September 2011. Download
(PDF 1.0MB)

Hurtubia, R. and M. Bierlaire (2011) Bid rent model for simultaneous determination of location and rent in land use microsimulations, proceedings of the Swiss Transport Research Conference, Ascona, May 2011. Download
(PDF 0.2MB)

Müller, K. and K.W. Axhausen (2011) Hierarchical IPF: Generating a synthetic population for Switzerland, paper presented at 51th ERSA Conference, Barcelona, September 2011. Download
(PDF 0.5MB)

Nicolai, T. and K. Nagel (2011) Investigating accessibility indicators for feedback from a travel to a land use model, paper presented at 51th ERSA Conference, Barcelona, September 2011. Download
(PDF 5.0MB)

Nicolai T.W., L. Wang, K. Nagel and P. Waddell (2011) Coupling an urban simulation model with a travel model – A first sensitivity test, paper presented at Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management (CUPUM), Lake Louise, Canada.
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(from publisher)

Nicolai T.W. and K. Nagel (2012) Coupling transport and land-use: Investigating accessibility indicators for feedback from a travel to a land use model, paper presented at Latsis Symposium 2012 – 1st European Symposium on Quantitative Methods in Transportation Systems, Lausanne, Switzerland.
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(PDF 13.6MB)

Nicolai T.W. and K. Nagel (2012) Sensitivity tests with high resolution accessibility computations, paper presented at Latsis Symposium 2012 – 1st European Symposium on Quantitative Methods in Transportation Systems, Lausanne, Switzerland. Download
(from publisher)

Picard, N. and C. Antoniou (2011) Econometric guidance for developing UrbanSim models: First lessons from the SustainCity project, paper presented at 51th ERSA Conference, Barcelona, September 2011. Download
(PDF 0.4MB)

Picard, N., A. de Palma and P.A. Chiappori (2011) Couple residential location and spouses workplaces, paper presented at 51th ERSA Conference, Barcelona, September 2011.

Picard, N. M. de Lapparent and A. de Palma (2011) Household location, dwelling and tenure types in a dynamic context, paper presented at 51th ERSA Conference, Barcelona, September 2011 Download
(PDF 0.3MB)

Proost, S. and A. de Palma (2011) A small model of equilibrium mechanisms in a city, paper presented at 51th ERSA Conference, Barcelona, September 2011.

Schirmer, P., C. Zöllig, K. Müller, B.R. Bodenmann and K.W. Axhausen (2011) The Zurich case study of UrbanSim, paper presented at 51th ERSA Conference, Barcelona, September 2011. Download
(PDF 0.4MB)

Schirmer, P.M., M.A.B. van Eggermond and K.W. Axhausen (2012) Reviewing measurements in residential location choice models, paper presented at the 13th International Conference on Travel Behaviour Research, Toronto, July 2012.
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(from publisher)

Schirmer, P.M., M.A.B. van Eggermond and K.W. Axhausen (2013) Measuring Location in Residential Location Choice: An Empirical Study of the Canton of Zurich, paper presented at the 13th International Conference on Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management (CUPUM), Utrecht, July 2013.
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(from publisher)

Turci, L., S. Pennec, L. Toulemon, A. Bringé and E. Morand (2011) Demo4: SustainCity's demographic model, CEPS/INSTEAD, MiDal Final Conference, Esch-sur-Alzette, November 2011.

Wang, L. and P. Waddell (2011) A Parcel Level Real Estate Development Model Incorporating Latent Information, paper presented at 51th ERSA Conference, Barcelona, September 2011.

Zöllig, C. and K.W. Axhausen (2011) A conceptual, agent-based model of land development for UrbanSim, paper presented at 51th ERSA Conference, Barcelona, September 2011. Download
(PDF 0.9MB)

Zöllig, C. and K.W. Axhausen (2012) Heterogeneity of real estate developers in Canton Zurich, paper presented at 12th Swiss Transport Research Conference, Ascona, May 2012.
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(from publisher)

Zöllig Renner, C. and K.W. Axhausen (2013) Comparing Estimation Results of Land Use Development Models Using Different Data Bases Available in Switzerland, paper presented at 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., January 2013. Download
(from publisher)

Monograph items

Nicolai T.W. and K. Nagel (2013) High resolution accessibility computations, in A. Conde, A. Reggiani and J. Gutiérrez (eds.) Accessibility and spatial interaction, Edward Elgar.
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(from publisher)

Journal articles

Bodenmann, B.R. and K.W. Axhausen (2012) Effects and Side Effects of Measures to Attract Firms – A Micro-Simulation Study of Firm Location Choice, disP, 48 (4) 14-28.
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(from publisher)

Bodenmann, B.R. and K.W. Axhausen (2012) Destination choice of relocating firms – A discrete choice model for the region of St. Gallen, Switzerland, Papers in Regional Science, 91 (2) 319-341.
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(from publisher)

Flötteröd, G., M. Bierlaire and K. Nagel (2011) Bayesian demand calibration for dynamic traffic simulations, Transportation Science, 45 (4) 541-561
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(from publisher)

Inoa, I. A., N. Picard and A. de Palma (2013) Effect of an Accessibility Measure in a Model for Choice of Residential Location, Workplace, and Type of Employment, Mathematical Population Studies, in press.

Proost, S. and K. van Dender (2011) What Long-Term Road Transport Future? Trends and Policy Options, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 5 (1) 44-65.
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(from publisher)

Working papers

Bodenmann, B.R. (2013) Location choice of firms with special emphasis on spatial accessibility: Enterprise Database SG/AR/AI, Travel Survey Metadata Series, 49, IVT, ETH Zurich, Zurich.
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(from publisher)

Nicolai, T. W. (2013) Investigating the MATSim warm and hot start capability, VSP Working Paper, 13-06, TU Berlin, Transport Systems Planning and Transport Telematics.
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(from publisher)

Nicolai T.W. and K. Nagel (2010) Coupling MATSim and UrbanSim: Software design issues, VSP Working Paper, 10-13, TU Berlin, Transport Systems Planning and Transport Telematics.
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(from publisher)

de Palma, A., N. Picard and I. Inoa (2013) Discrete Choice Decision-Making with Multiple Decision Makers within the Household, Thema Working Paper, n°2013-03.
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(from publisher)

de Palma, A., R. Lindsey and N. Picard (2012) Departure time choice within the family, Working papers, University of British Columbia, Canada.

Links

Events

2013

19.4.2013
Consortium Meeting
Zurich
17-18.4.2013
SustainCity Conference on Integrated Land-Use and Transport Simulation Zurich
18-19.2.2013
SustainCity Workshop: Scenarios and Indicators
Leuven

2012

3-9.9.2012
Consortium Meeting
Lausanne
16-17.2.2012
Consortium Meeting
Paris

2011

30.8.-3.9.2011
SustainCity Seminar at the 51st ERSA Congress 2011
Barcelona
29-30.8.2011
Consortium Meeting / Consortium Mid-Term Assessment Meeting Barcelona
4-6.7.2011
UrbanSim Workshop
Athens
4-8.4.2011
MATSim Tutorial and User Meeting Berlin
10-11.2.2011
Consortium Meeting
Brussels

2010

16-17.9.2010
Consortium Meeting
Paris
22.5.2010 METROPOLIS User Meeting
Zurich
20-21.5.2010 SustainCity Intermediate Meeting
Zurich
17-20.5.2010 UrbanSim User Meeting and Tutorial
Zurich
17-20.5.2010 MATSim Tutorial and User Meeting
Zurich